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To the North in the Canadian Provinces, French mares were crossed with English and Dutch stock, to produce what became known as the Canadian Pacer, a breed which still exists, but in very small numbers in that country.  The exact bloodlines of these pacers are not known.  They are thought to be descended from a cross of the Norman French horse, and a strain of pacers, either Narragansetts or some pacers that were shipped directly from England. 

The Canadian horses were originally hardy, swift and energetic, not at all fine but with lots of endurance and easily kept, but did not exhibit the pace in their gaits.  It was necessary therefore to import large numbers of Narragansetts into Canada to establish this gait.

The Canadian pacer was small in stature but larger than the Narragansetts.  Their heads were described as too long for the rest of their bodies, which were fine, lean, and bony.  The eyes were small, and the ears set well forward, although in most cases, too far apart. From the Canadian Pacer, the Tennessee Walking horse gained its size.  Many of the foundation families of both the American Saddlebred and the Tennessee Walking horse came directly from Canada.  Such horses as TOM HAL, PACING PILOT, DAVY CROCKETT, COPPERBOTTOM and many others are accepted by both breeds as Canadian Pacers.  These stallions came south to Kentucky and Tennessee to establish families which became legendary.

The most famous Canadian Pacer of them all was Tom Hal, a blue roan stallion foaled in Canada around 1806, and later taken to Kentucky.  This great horse is listed as foundation stock for the American Saddlebred, as well as the Tennessee Walking Horse and Standardbred.  Among his many accomplishments, Tom Hal once won a wager for his owner by carrying him 80 miles across Kentucky in a single day, between sun-up and sun-down, and then turning around and making the return trip, the following day! 

Tom Hal F-20

Earnhart's Brooks F-25

As stated in the 'Echo of Hoofbeats' Dr. Bob Womack claims that "there is quite an irony in the fact that pleasure Walking Horses are making an impact on Canadian horse stock, since it was from Canada that the breed received its major thrust.  Without exception, authorities on Walking horses have attributed this horse's eventual development to the Canadian Pacer".

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