The COPPERBOTTOMS were one of the
earliest of imported families into Middle Tennessee. This group of
horses took its name OLD COPPERBOTTOM, from a horse whose pedigree and early
history were lost before his exceptional qualities were recognized. As
is the case with many pioneer stallions, COPPERBOTTOM seemed to have
come from nowhere and actually existed in a state of limbo until
breeders discovered that his colts could perform the pacey, ambly gait
so desired by early settlers in Kentucky and Tennessee.
Since OLD COPPERBOTTOM paced and shared other characteristics of
Canadian horses, it was naturally assumed he was a Canadian although
this theory was never fully substantiated.
It is further assumed that the horse arrived in Kentucky
sometime in 1812. In later
years, COPPERBOTTOM was accepted as one of the original foundation sires
the American Saddle Horse, and there can be no doubt that his offspring
played a prominent role in the evolvement of the Walking Horse.
June 10, 1816, a Lexington, Kentucky, newspaper carried the following
advertisement on OLD COPPERBOTTOM:
The celebrated fast pacing Canadian stallion
COPPERBOTTOM will stand the following season at the farm of Capt.
Jowett, near Dr. Tegardina's, about two miles from Lexington, on the
Georgetown road. He is a full blooded Canadian Pacer imported by Capt.
Jowett. He is a beautiful
copper sorrel, rising seven-year old, and for bone, sinew and
performance, equal to any horse the United States.
He is a sure foal getter, and his colts generally are natural
pacers. His former
proprietor, Capt. Perrin, challenged
to pace him from Malden to Sandwich (Michigan) distance 16 1/2
miles in one hour with two men in the carryall.
If a better recommendation is wanted, than can be given on paper, come and see him.
He will be let to mares at $8 this season, which may be
discharged by $6 if paid down, $12 to insure a mare in foal, and $4 the
single leap; when the money is not paid down a note of hand will be
required payable on or before the I st of Dec. 1816.
When the season is over sportsmen can obtain a liberal wager,
that COPPERBOTTOM can beat any horse in Kentucky, pacing from one to
was pointed out in the above ad, COPPERBOTTOM was a sorrel with a tinge
of copper coloring. Most of
his offspring are described as sorrel roans, "extremely stout and well
made." COPPERBOTTOM had
proven himself a sire of outstanding saddle horses long before his blood
came to Tennessee, and some authorities speculate that the blood was
needed in Middle Tennessee to re-establish the true gaits of the saddle
horse after they had been lost through too much out-crossing with
first COPPERBOTTOM stallion imported into Middle Tennessee is believed
to have been FENWICK'S COPPERBOTTOM, probably a grandson of the original
horse brought to Kentucky.
As was the custom in those days, FENWICK'S COPPERBOTTOM soon became
known as "OLD COPPERBOTTOM" in his new home.
The Lexington, Kentucky, GAZETTE, on April 4, 1832, carried the
following advertisement on the Fenwick horse:
The beautiful pacing horse COPPERBOTTOM,
beautiful chestnut roan, 5 ft. 2 inches high, with remarkably fine bone
and great muscular power, fine limbs, and paces uncommonly fast, and in
better style than any other horse that has ever been shown on any green
in this country. He has
proved himself the finest foal getter in this country, both for saddle
and harness horses, being remarkably gentle and easily managed.
At $5, $8, and $12.
Pedigree: got by BRUTUS and came out of
SNIP; BRUTUS by Capt. M. Jewett's COPPERBOTTOM from Bolton, Canada, and
his dam by ROBIN GRAY, SNIP by PITT'S BALL and out of a CELER mare.
BALL by the imported ROYALIST and from Davis' celebrated race
mare, she by LAMPLIGHTER, and he dam by OLD JUNIPER. LAMPLIGHTER by OLD
I will here state the price of some of his
colts that have sold as saddle horses.
Two at Louisville for $650. One in New Orleans $450.
A young stallion of his get, sold this spring for $500. J.V
Fenwick Scott County, Ky.
Since the above-mentioned stallion is believed to be the first
COPPERBOTTOM imported into Middle Tennessee, his pedigree is
significant. This horse was, in the final analysis, a cross between the
COPPERBOTTOM TOMS and Thoroughbred blood.
Of the horses mentioned in his pedigree CELER, LAMPLIGHTER,
JUNIPER, ROYALIST, MEDLEY and ROBIN GRAY were Thoroughbreds. ROBIN GRAY was one proud contenders that went down to defeat
behind the flying hooves immortal HAYNIE'S MARIA during Andrew Jackson's
days in Tennessee. FENWICK'S COPPERBOTTOM was brought to Middle
Tennessee by James Cartwright of Nashville, but was later sold to
Colonel Edmond Chambers of Wilson County.
FENWICK'S COPPERBOTTOM sired many outstanding sons in Middle
Tennessee. Among these MORRILL'S COPPERBOTTOM, NOLAN'S COPPERBOTTOM
CLARDY'S COPPERBOTTOM and DAY'S COPPERBOTTOM.
Another son, BLUE JOHN, is credited with siring BOONE'S GREYJOHN,
who established a family under his own name. It is also interesting to
note that COPPERBOTTOM blood came to the Tennessee Walking Horse through
the TOM HAL family, since BALD STOCKING, the grandsire of TOM HAL F-20,
was out of a COPPERBOTTOM mare.
the above named sons of OLD COPPERBOTTOM, NOLANíS COPPERBOTTOM seems to
have been the finest performer under saddle.
He became prominent through his races under saddle (at the pace)
with BROOKS, the sire of the BONESETTER.
BROOKS had as much speed as NOLAN'S COPPERBOTTOM, but he would
knuckle and make breaks on the turns, while the latter was very steady
and would always win." As will be found later, BROOKS was also a
cornerstone of the Walking Horse.
Tennessee Walking Horse foundation stock carrying COPPERBOTTOM blood
were GENERAL HARDEE F-21, TOM HAL F-20, JOHN A F-32, MAJOR DONNLL F-66,
MOFFITT'S DONNELL F-96, REYNOLD'S DONNELL F-100, TERRY'S DONNELL, JR. F-
101, DONNELL 111 F-103, JOHN STO≠VALL F-104, BOB ALLEN SMITHSON F-108,
and the famous PAT MALONE F-27.
One of the most influential families to come from the COPPERBOTTOMS was
that of the MOUNTAIN SLASHERS.